新年芙蓉镇之旅[图]

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[不指定 2009-1-28 23:30 | by 张宴 ]
  今天,我带着老婆、妹妹等在酉水之滨的“芙蓉镇”游玩了一整天。

  芙蓉镇原名王村镇,位于湖南省湘西土家族苗族自治州永顺县,因同名电影《芙蓉镇》而得名。

  芙蓉镇是一座具有两千年历史的古镇,位于酉水之滨,距县城51公里。原为西汉酉阳县治所,因得酉水舟楫之便,上通川黔,下达洞庭,自古为永顺通商口岸,素有“楚蜀通津”之称。享有酉阳雄镇、湘西“四大名镇”、“小南京”之美誉。

  芙蓉镇不仅是一个具有悠久历史的千年古镇,也是融自然景色与古朴的民族风情为一体的旅游胜地,又是猛洞河风景区的门户、一个寻幽访古的最佳景点。四周是青山绿水,镇区内是曲折幽深的大街小巷,临水依依的土家吊脚木楼以及青石板铺就的五里长街,处处透析着淳厚古朴的土家族民风民俗,让游人至此赞不绝口,留连忘返。胡绩伟先生游览猛洞河和芙蓉镇以后作词赞道:“武陵山秀水幽幽,三峡落溪州。悬崖壁峭绿油油,悠悠荡华舟。烹鲜鱼,戏灵猴,龙洞神仙游,芙蓉古镇吊脚楼,土家情意稠。”

  下面,且看今天拍摄的照片:

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  酉水古称酉溪,是武陵五溪之一,是土家人的母亲河。优美的自然风光孕育了独特的民族文化,在这里,可以触摸历史的痕迹,可以聆听远古的天籁之音。酉水河发源于湖北省宣恩县,由重庆市的酉阳、秀山县辗转湖南湘西龙山、保靖、永顺、古丈等土家族聚居地注入沅江,后流入洞庭湖。酉水和清江一样,被称为土家人母亲河。据史书记载,秦国灭巴以后,巴子五氏流散到酉、辰、巫、武、沅五溪地区,由此成为土家先民。土家人的创世纪歌谣《摆手歌词》,描写的就是土家人就是沿着酉水溯流而上,在湘鄂西广大地区开疆拓土、繁衍生息的。由于特定的自然历史原因,酉水流域是巴土文化的主要沉积带,也是巴楚文化、汉文化交流融合的重要地带,历史文化源远流长,民族文化绚丽多姿。酉水流域地灵人杰,在第二次国内革命战争时期是湘鄂川黔根据地的主要组成部分,保存着丰富的革命文化。酉水流域物产资源富集,众多特色产品堪称物华天宝,驰名天下。酉水流域风光雄奇,山秀水幽,生态植被保持好,气候适宜,有“阳刚之最、天然氧吧”之称,是最适合人类居住的地方。

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  溪洲铜柱现存于芙蓉镇民俗风光馆内。公元940年,楚王马希范与溪州刺使彭士愁多年交战媾和,缔结盟约,划疆而冶,铸5000斤铜柱为证。据史截:“后晋天福四年(公元939),溪州刺史彭士愁与当时占据湖南的楚王马希范发生溪州之战。彭士愁战败后于后晋天福五年(公元940年)与马希范议和,把战争的经过和议和的条款,镌刻于铜柱之上。铜柱重五千斤,高丈二尺,入土六心,形为八面,中空,内实钜钱,柱端覆盖铜顶,铭誓状于铜柱之上,立于会溪,宋天禧二年(公元1018年)重立时,又羼刻了一些土官衔名。清中叶,柱上铜顶被盗,沉于江心,柱内铜钱亦被人以饴粘钱殆尽。清光绪十一年(公元1885年),永顺府知府张曾扬建亭保护。民国年间亭被毁。”铜柱的铜质,精纯光润;八面所镌颜、柳体阴文,虽经千载风雨洗刷,霜雪蚀磨,仍清晰如初。溪州铜柱是研究土家族古代历史的重要文献。土家族视铜柱为神物。

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  古丈毛尖为历史悠久名茶,唐代人贡,清代又列为贡品。古丈毛尖,属绿茶类,古今名茶,因地得名,产于湖南武陵山区古丈县,境内崇山峻岭,谷幽林深,溪河网布,山水辉映,景色宜人。群山郁郁葱葱之中,出大量的杉木林之外,还有千秋不腐的滇夏、红榧树,供观赏的伯乐和栱桐,以及油桐、油茶、香榧和茶叶等经济林,更为森林之乡的古丈增添了秀色和风光。古丈毛尖茶品的独特品质,于每年清明前采摘芽茶或一芽一叶初展的芽头,经摊青、杀青、揉条、炒坯、摊凉、整形、干燥、筛选等八道工序,一丝不苟,精制而成“明前茶”。其成茶条索紧细、锋苗挺秀,色泽翠润,白毫满披;清香馥郁,滋味醇爽,回味生津;汤色黄绿明亮,叶底绿嫩匀整。该茶曾于德国莱比锡国际博览会展出。1980年以来连续五次被评为湖南省名茶。1982年商业部在长沙召开的全国名茶评比会上被评为全国名茶,同年外贸部颁发优质产品荣誉证书。

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生活琐事 | 评论(41) | 引用(5) | 阅读(20808)
久久乡情 Email Homepage
2009-2-1 03:58
崇拜你呀.技术牛,文笔好,牛人.呵呵.新年好呀.
乱舞则
2009-2-1 14:35
我们美丽的湖南,小镇风景依旧,山清水秀,不愧为世外桃源。
佩服
2009-2-2 17:53
总在认为世道不公,看到你好象有点服气了.我比你大了8岁,从你的技术文章到你的生活杂谈我看到了一个积极向上,思维敏捷的人.这才是成功的人生.

很想交你这个朋友
我的手机号13534304999或者msn:careerhome@hotmail.com
我叫李国勇,男的,北京科技大学2000年毕业的
huangcx_9654 Email
2009-2-3 08:17
原野风度,好美!
willsion Email Homepage
2009-2-3 17:28
其实也是今年才发现你的播客,刚刚进入运维这个行业,在你的播客上学习了很多东西,风景太好了,人杰地灵哈~
很不错啊
2009-2-5 13:38
很不错啊 欣赏
leozhang Email
2009-2-5 15:18
哈哈,我去年去的凤凰,去凤凰的时候太赶没去芙蓉镇看看,兄弟你居然去了,看照片补了遗憾。西门峡的漂流也不错,可惜你冬天去的,夏天去就爽了。你回北京了吗?
DangerFater
2009-2-9 00:43
很佩服你,我也是85年的,只比你大3个月,都是03到07年上的大学,发现做为同龄人,你比我强的太多了.........
电影网 Homepage
2009-2-10 19:20
古色古香~~~~
初见土豆网 Email Homepage
2009-2-12 15:00
好漂亮的地方。
老云
2009-2-19 01:41
哈哈,看到一对金童玉女
周君 Homepage
2009-3-25 07:05
景真美!郭老,您何时去的芙蓉镇?
imiyoo Email Homepage
2010-7-6 15:39
技术牛人
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